What to do if an Elderly is Abandoned by Family

What Counts As Elderly Abandonment?

When the person/group of people responsible for the care of an elderly person deserts or otherwise fails to provide the necessary care to the older adult, it is a case of elderly abandonment.

Elderly Abandoned by Family

The caregivers have in short, failed to provide the elderly individual, the necessary goods and services required to avoid the risk of physical or mental harm or illness.

It is a form of elderly abuse, which refers to the act of inflicting or otherwise knowingly or recklessly causing harm, anguish, or pain to another person.

Abandoning an elderly person would qualify as abuse by neglect under state statutes.

Elder abandonment is a serious problem in our society. Many people every year suffer from the consequences of this issue.

Whether it’s neglect, irresponsibility, or malicious action, it’s an issue that has to be addressed, as it can threaten any family who has the responsibility of caring for a senior.

Understand why elderly abandonment is an issue, how you can avoid it, and how a solid estate planning attorney can be of help in this area.

Effects of Abandoning an Elderly Person

To say the least, the effects of abandonment can be devastating. Especially in the case of an older adult with Dementia, Alzheimer’s, or another cognitive impairment, he/she could forget their own identity, where they belong, or even what they need to do, to seek treatment for their condition.

Even if they aren’t suffering from a cognitive issue, the effects of abandonment can lead them to depression, illness, and even death. It’s every bit as bad as any other form of neglect or abuse.

 

You may also like Problems With Home Care Agencies

 

Exploring the Case of Elderly Abuse

What are the types of elder abuse?

There are seven main types of senior abuse. Some, such as neglect or emotional abuse, may be more difficult to notice or prove than physical abuse.

Physical abuse:

Physical abuse is any use of physical force that may result in bodily harm like injury, physical pain, or impairment.

Physical abuse includes hitting, kicking, shaking, burning, and other violent acts. More commonly overlooked manifestations of physical abuse include forced restraints, starvation or force-feeding, and inappropriate administration of drugs.

Elderly with Bruises and injury

It is important that you report elder abuse to the concerned authorities if you spot any of the following signs:

  • Bruises on the face or body; most elderly abuse victims have bruise marks on their limbs and extremities.
  • Sprains, broken bones, or any serious injury which seems to have happened without the elderly adult falling or stumbling over something.
  • Marks on skin suggesting signs of being restrained, like strap or rope marks
  • Sudden changes in behavior; especially a sudden unnatural change in response to physical touch.
  • Reports of physical abuse from the elderly victim

 

You may also like How to Report Unsafe Living Conditions of Elderly

 

Sexual abuse

This includes any type of nonconsensual sexual action toward a senior. It encompasses a range of actions from rape to inappropriate touching, forced nudity, or forced inappropriate photography. Senior victims with significant cognitive impairment cannot give sexual consent and many a time, these acts go unreported.

Emotional abuse

According to multiple sources, emotional abuse is the most common form of abuse an elderly parent or grandparent has to deal with. It inflicts despair, pain, and ill health to an older person through verbal or nonverbal acts.

Emotional abuse includes insults, threats, verbal abuse, and harassment. It could be from a family member, family caregiver, or anyone in contact with the elderly individual. This could result in the elderly parent or elderly relative falling into isolation, loneliness, and a victim of gaslighting. If it happens inside the home, it falls under the category of domestic violence.

Financial abuse

When an elderly individual is exploited financially, it means that an abuser is stealing steals or mishandling a senior’s money or possessions with a selfish motive.

It can include cashing checks without the knowledge or permission of the elderly adult, forging signatures, coercion, and gross misuse of guardianship or power of attorney.

Sadly, most cases of elderly financial abuse come from members of the same family. Strangers, as well as caregivers in long-term care facilities, can also be culprits in financial abuse.

 

You may also like How to Deal with a Difficult Elderly Parent

 

Neglect

When a family member or caregiver refuses to provide a dependent senior with necessities like food and water, shelter, decent hygiene, and access to medication, the situation is a case of neglect.

Sometimes, a family member may even neglect to pay for appropriate care parent that is required for an older parent or elderly relative.

Woman in abandoned place

Abandonment

Finally, abandonment is a more extreme version of neglect. In this case, the caregiver who’s left in charge of an elderly person deserts them in a home, hospital, or a public place.

Some elderly parents often display a lack of interest in caring for their own well-being and neglect to eat or drink at regular intervals or care about basic hygiene. This is most common in seniors with mental illness or cognitive decline and is termed self-neglect by most onlookers.

If you have aging parents or relatives, please note that self-neglect doesn’t include a mentally stable senior’s voluntary decision to commit actions that threaten their own life or safety

Who Commits Elder Abuse?

The American Psychological Association cites that the majority of senior abuse victims are female, whereas the majority of the perpetrators are male.

Adult children are the most common perpetrators of elder abuse, followed by spouses and other family members. Elderly people are also prone to emotional and physical abuse in hospitals, long-term care homes, and nursing homes, despite strict regulations.

Older adults — especially those with dementia — can experience severe behavioral changes as they age. Abuse could come from a partner who never had violent tendencies, or it could even be self-inflicted.

More often than not, the family members do not report the events of abuse, as the victims are from their own household and they do not want the family members to get into trouble with the law.

What can you do if you suspect that your family member is abusive to the elderly member in your home?

If you suspect your sibling or another family member is abusing an elderly loved one, bring up the topic calmly with the senior; abstain from making a direct accusation.

Such direct accusations could be detrimental- wait patiently and the elderly will be more likely to share their experiences if they don’t feel like they’re condemning someone they care about.

 

You may also like How to Help an Elderly Parent Who Refuses Help

 

Factors that Contribute to Increased Risk of Elder Abuse:

These health conditions and social circumstances increase the risk of senior abuse in the health care system and for an aging parent or elderly relative at home.

A decline in cognitive function

Seniors with mental health problems or mental disorders have a higher risk of abuse, and most often, family members or the primary caregiver are the culprits behind the abuse.

Sad senior man holding his eyeglasses

Increased physical dependency

When a senior adult is dependant on caregivers or family members for everyday tasks, there is a rise in ill-feeling towards the dependant individual, and they are more susceptible to abuse.

Inability to manage money independently can lead to financial abuse, while constant proximity increases the likelihood of emotional abuse.

 

You may also like Caring for Elderly Parents Who Were Abusive

 

Social circle and family environment

Seniors who don’t have a circle of friends are more likely to experience undetected abuse. This problem affects widows, seniors without family, and elderly adults aging at home alone.

We see that many elderly people with strained family relationships are also at higher risk of abuse from family members.

The family’s economic status 

Seniors from lower-income backgrounds are at significantly greater risk of elder abuse, according to many reports. The reason is that elderly people without adequate funds and assets often have to rely on their younger family members, who may not be in the financial position to support and provide for old age requirements.

Sometimes, when a senior adult relies on lower-quality housing or care, the nursing staff or caregivers may not have the required efficiency or empathy to care for the elderly.

Race

People of color are more likely to experience elder abuse from non-family/professional caregivers in the U.S. than white people are. This is primarily due to geographical location and economic disparity, which lead to a higher likelihood of lower-quality care.

 

You may also like How to Cope With Caring for Both Young Children and Elderly Parents

 

Recognizing the Signs of Elder Abuse

Seniors are prone to falls and accidents, as well as changing behaviors due to medication or cognitive decline. These signs don’t necessarily indicate elder abuse, but they are red flags that should be carefully recorded.

  • Bruises, cuts, abrasions, burns, and other physical signs of trauma
  • Signs of withdrawal, confusion, or depression
  • Lack of interest in basic hygiene
  • A steep and sudden change in the senior’s bank balance and assets
  • Unexplained credit card statements 
  • Bedsores
  • Sudden weight loss/loss of appetite
  • Negative reaction to physical contact
  • Injured private areas
  • Unwillingness to speak

If you notice any of these signs, take detailed notes or photographs of injured areas. Also, we suggest that you record any unusual behaviors you witness or any testimony you can get from the senior.

Your records could prove extremely useful in reporting elder abuse and prosecuting an abuser to keep your loved one safe.

Do let us know if you have dealt with a case of elderly abuse and how you resolved it!

About Estephanie Jill

Estephanie Jill (EJBP, BSPT, PTRP) is a licensed physiotherapist. She is a home health care provider, laboratory technician for physical therapy students, medical transcriptionist, and an advocate of the physiotherapy profession. Apart from that, she loves writing. Playing to her strengths, she mainly writes around health and fitness, She has been commended for her writing in the past. Her other passions include commenting on societal changes and writing life reflective pieces. She enjoys meaningful conversations, and detaching from the digital world to do yoga and meditation. She is a self-confessed foodie who enjoys eating for the experience and then burning it all off through exercise.